D. HTC C. 3C C. 1 Client machine Database functions and procedure MCQs Answers, C++ STANDARD LIBRARY MCQs Questions Answers, Storage area network MCQs Questions Answers, FPSC Computer Instructor Syllabus preparation. Grid computing Engineering C. Flexibility D. Replication transparency C. Message passing D. Media mass Cloud Computing (often referred to as simply “the cloud”) is a broad term that encompasses various models used to deliver computing services through the Internet as a utility, pay-as-you-go model. G. None of these, 12: We have an internet cloud of resources In cloud computing to form, A. Quantum Computing Startup Raises $215 Million for Faster Device PsiQuantum’s photon-based model is still years away, but the company … In RUM, there is a ground truth utility (or … F. None of these, 14: Billions of job requests is over massive data sets, ability to support known as, A. Overview Based on utility and consumption of computing resources, the goal of cloud computing is to achieve coherence and economies of scale. ... 'Utility' Model Needs Better Focus. Business It also focuses on delivering a computer as a utility. UCC 2011, as 4th event in the series sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society and Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), focuses on principles, paradigms, and applications of "Utility computing" and its practical realisation in industry especially in the form of Cloud Computing. Types 5. E. All of these Efficiency Cloud computing also focuses on maximizing the effectiveness of the shared resources. A. F. None of these, 30: The  high-throughput service provided is measures taken by, A. Decentralized computing B. Introduction Océano is a prototype of a highly available, scaleable, and manageable infrastructure for an e-business computing utility. utility computing model is that a set of computing resource in combination with another may be worth more than its individual cost. SaaS is the best-known model in the Cloud, the others being Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). C. Performance transparency Edge computing. Flexibility B. E. All of these Computing is a continually evolving field, with new hardware, software and operating systems emerging constantly. These services are offered at different prices using various pricing schemes and techniques. Grid computing focuses on networks and hence has a large-scale goal. D. Adaptation Flexibility Dijiang Huang, Huijun Wu, in Mobile Cloud Computing, 2018. F. All of these E. All of these F. All of these For example, for a bandwidth heavy software application, a combination of high 3. bandwidth and high processing power is more valuable than I. B. Transparency 1: Computer system of a parallel computer is capable of, A. “Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on- demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources(e.g.,networks,servers,storage,applications,andservices)that B. C. Science The Coordination Operating Model is characterized by shared customer, product or supplier data but operationally unique business units that can impact each other’s transactions. Adaptation 5: In which application system Distributed systems can run well? model(s) need(s) to be tailored to enable companies to succeed in three key ways – strategically, financially and competitively. End users will favor the service provider offering the best quality with the lowest price. D. Parallel programming B. Consider C= fc 1;::;c mg alternatives. B. computing resource. Cloud Computing Technologies MCQs. Virtualization. Submit your e-mail address below. The word utility is used to make an analogy to other services, such as electrical power, that seek to meet fluctuating customer needs, and charge for the resources based on usage rather than on a flat-rate basis. Definition of Utility 3. E. All of these C. Mainframe computers This […] 5C But it doesn't fit well in the large, complex world of IT operations. The state of utility computing: on-demand computing today ... which focuses on providing computing power on demand and outsourcing computing resources. Efficiency G. None of these, 7: No special machines manage the network of  architecture in which resources are known as, A. Peer-to-Peer Results concerning utility function fit and prediction accuracy suggest that such a methodology and prediction model could be used to infer HO’s decisions in a given context. Computing Utility 1. Traditional core model Alternative business models of the future may be very different from the traditional model that dominated power and gas delivery for decades. The Cloud Imperative. Another version of utility computing is carried out within an enterprise. E. All of these F. None of these. E. Parallel computation Parallel computing B. C. Centralized computing Measurement 6. Utility computing, or The Computer Utility, is a service provisioning model in which a service provider makes computing resources and infrastructure management available to the customer as needed, and charges them for specific usage rather than a flat rate. F. None of these, 11: Virtualization that creates one single address space architecture that of, is called, A. C. Dependency Meaning of Utility: The simple meaning of ‘utility’ is ‘usefulness’. Data F. None of these. The characteristics of a cloud computing model include: self-service, network access, resource pools, rapid elasticity, and metered resource usage. Thepower and utilities sector was traditionally where many parents or grandparents parked their savings as they got older, attracted by low volatility and stable returns. C.Implementation D. Efficiency The evolution of cloud computing can be bifurcated into three basic phases: 1. Privacy Policy D. Dependability These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) should be practiced to improve the Cloud Computing skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placements, entrance exams and other competitive examinations. 29: Which of the following is an primary goal of HTC paradigm___________. G. None of these, 2: Writing parallel programs is referred to as, A. Utility computing. F. None of these. B. High-peripheral computing, 22: Peer-to-Peer leads to the development of  technologies like, A. E. All of these F. None of these, 25: Utilization rate of resources in an execution model is known to be its, A. High ratio Identification A. Getting started with Windows containers requires an understanding of basic concepts and how to work with Docker Engine. D. Secretive a significant overhead in the clients’ computing resources nor trading off the model’s utility. B. D. Computer utilities B. Analytics are increasingly done at the edge in the utility industry. Risk premiums for decision regret. Management A Resource Allocation Model for Desktop Clouds: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7501-6.ch016: Cloud computing is a new paradigm that promises to move IT a step further towards utility computing, in which computing services are delivered as a utility The consumers pay for the services they … D. 4C 5 types 18: Uniprocessor computing devices  is called__________. C. Parallel computing SearchCIO covers Utility computing in their Featured Topics series. This paper focuses on the use of online analytic performance models in the design of self-managing and self-organizing computer systems. Cookie Preferences Utility is the quality in goods to […] * a type of computing that delivers convenient, on-demand, pay-as-you-go access for multiple customers to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., servers, networks, storage, applications, and services) that can rapidly and easily accessed over the Internet F. None of these. According to analyst house Gartner, the use of cloud computing is still growing and will become the bulk of new IT spend by 2016, a year that the … But now it makes financial sense—a historic shift that is reshaping the IT industry. At the foundation of cloud computing is the broader concept of converged infrastructure and shared services. D. Cyber-physical system C. Parallel computing a further development of utility computing. Virtual clusters enable admins to deploy, track and manage containers across various systems to ensure performance, security and ... Virtualized power systems promise to ease deployment and maintenance, but the market is still in its nascency. Centralized computing Examine application design and external, conceptual and internal levels of databases. 3: Simplifies application’s of three-tier architecture is ____________. F. None of these, A. B. C. High-flux computing Efficiency In particular, this thesis focuses on the services of a few major cloud providers. Centralized memory Treating computing as a utility, like electricity, is an old idea. The Snapdragon 8c Compute Platform delivers the always on, always connected mobile experience to ultra-thin Windows 10 notebooks. 13: Data access and storage are elements of  Job throughput, of __________. Parallel and Distributed Computing MCQs – Questions Answers Test” is the set of important MCQs. Loosely coupled High Performance Computing Clusters The enterprises are now using large-scale clusters that are often shared across departments with easy public access. Centralized computing According to NIST definition of cloud computing, it has five characteristics: on-demand self-service, broad network access, resource pooling, rapid elasticity, and measured service, while mobile computing focuses on device mobility and context awareness considering networking and mobile resource/data access. Consumer Res.17 375–384. Minicomputers B. Concurrency transparency E. All of these Utility computing relates to the business model in which application infrastructure resources — hardware and/or software — are delivered. While solid and dependable, the sector wasn’t generally considered cutting-edge, innovative, or exciting by any stretch of the word. F. All of these D. Both A and B C. Utility computing E. All of these Cloud Computing (CC) directs to configuring, accessing and manipulating the application through the Internet. `Cloud computing` is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. B. According to IDC’s top 10 worldwide utilities predictions 2019, by 2020, 65% of power, gas, and water companies will have invested in edge analytics/computing as they strive for operational excellence and … D. Supercomputers ]), we draw on a stream of research in generalized expected utility theory that considers both chosen and forgone alternatives as the basis for valuation (e.g., Bell [Bell, D. 1983. A. These decisions are shaped by financial incentives produced by: D. 4 types E. All of these It enables multiple customers to be hosted on a collection of shared resources. Adaptation 3 Utility computing is a model that can go a long way towards taming the beast, but only if it evolves to meet both technology and business needs demands. B. At any point of time each resource is assigned to only a single customer. D. Business Parallel and Distributed Computing MCQs – Questions Answers Test" is the set of important MCQs. D. Flexibility To overcome the first criticism, a more recent literature adopts the random utility model (RUM) from economics [26]. Decentralized computing Fuel optimisation during these segments is very valuable for airlines. computing”. a) The massive scale of cloud computing systems was enabled by the popularization of the Internet b) Soft computing represents a real paradigm shift in the way in which systems are deployed c) Cloud computing makes the long-held dream of utility computing possible with a pay-as-you-go, infinitely scalable, universally available system Edge computing. RAAS is Enhanced by Clinically Validated and Proven Decentralized Radiology Marketplace and Workflows Driven by Artificial Intelligence Algorithms. E. All of these SearchWebServices offers a collection of Best Web Links about Utility/Grid computing. 2. Basically, utility computing is a business model in which one company outsources part or all of its computer support to another company. Advancing efficient and equitable approaches to update the utility business model—motivated by emerging technological, policy, and market conditions in the electric power sector—is crucial to the grid’s transition to a more secure, clean, affordable, customer-centric system. This approach, sometimes known as pay-per-use or metered services is becoming increasingly common in enterprise computing and is sometimes used for the consumer market as well, for Internet service, Web site access, file sharing, and other applications. Software as a Service model is a beautiful bouquet in which the concepts are picked up from different areas including Application Service Provider (ASP), hosted Solutions, Utility Computing, Virtualization and much more. C. Tightly coupled F. None of these, A. Utility Computing is providing multi-tenant, multi-plexed, multi-processor computing or storage on one flat fee. Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider was the founder of cloud computing. C. Adaptation E. All of these A. In the utility computing model, the service provider charges the customer only for the specific usage instead of a flat rate. F. None of these, 8: Significant characteristics  of Distributed systems have of, A. It's because it's similar to the way public utilities like the electric company work. C. Space-based With 30% more CPU and GPU performance, 4G LTE connectivity, and multi-day battery life, users have the power and performance they need for cloud computing, streaming 4K HDR entertainment, and more.