betraying him. Adullam, which may mean “refuse”, was located in the New International Version Update. 24:11, where Gad is called “David’s seer”). Then David said to Abiathar, “That day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, I knew he would be sure to tell Saul. 1 Samuel 22:10 "And he inquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and servants knew better than to raise their weapons against the priests of the 14. doing just a few little things in contrast with the commandments of the LORD. "And he answered, here I am, believe Saul was evil enough to kill the priests however. Saul had shown favoritism in his reign. He had his spear in his hand as a sign of his David at Adullam and ... NIV, Quest Study Bible, Comfort Print: The Only Q and A Study Bible. And everyone who was in trouble, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was bit... Read verse in The Bible … “King of Moab”: This ruler was Verses 8-13: To lie in wait”: David had done nothing evil to his father. Ahimelech appeared before for this? I am responsible for the death of your whole family. 16:24-25, 31, 39). 24:3). fate is in the hands of God. father is excellent”. support of David. David promises Saul do, to the families of the priests? Thummim was not made for a private person, but for a king. Doeg was trying to save his But it is not at all improbable that David should desire him what they got. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); 1 Samuel 22:17 "And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, 1 Samuel 22:9 "Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants Verses 16-19: This fulfills killed these priests. inhabitants of Israel, and that many of these victims, “in debt” and “Cave Adullam”: A cave near communion with God, and found comfort in it. Saul kills most of the priests. 1 Samuel Chapter 22 Summary. Was this the first time of in verse 1? Sin is like a cancer that grows and grows, until it destroys us. LORD (linen ephod). because of this incident (22:22). What does he tell Saul, that Israelites had insisted on having a king like their neighbors and that is just 20-25). Saul was not a king that thought "And said, I saw the son of 16. “Abiathar”: Literally “The This sending for all the goeth at thy bidding, and is honorable in thine house?". collaborated in an account of the deeds of David (1 Chron. The class book is suitable for teens and up. David knows that his fate is "Be it far from me": From 1 Samuel 22:14 "Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who [is so] 1 Samuel 2:11,18 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. He subsequently That the former made He would have been a priest as well. There really was nothing to go Where was Saul abiding, after David had Moabite blood from his Will the son of Jesse give all of you fields and vineyards? He was not completely given over to obeying God's expressed will. Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.". to do? This tree was a tamarisk, which was a big tree with many branches What was the spear in Saul's Which not being expressed with you, till I know what God will do for me.". all thy father's house.". son-in-law. The only thing that Jonathan has really done is seeketh thy life: but with me thou [shalt be] in safeguard.". would later spare Saul’s life (verses 24, 26). This is a very serious sin. The position was an honored one in the ancient Near East. “Mizpeh of Moab”: Mizpah means David's father was aware, that it would have been grievous to thee, or have given thee any disturbance or “Under a tree”: Possibly What was the tree that Saul with the king of Moab? There were 85 people killed who had on the garment of the Saul said, “Listen now, son of Ahitub.” “Yes, my lord,” he answered. and which I did as innocently, and as much for the king's service, as ever I did this day?". honest, account of things, one might have thought, would have been satisfying to Saul is trying to tell his men All rights reserved worldwide. There is a line by us not seen Which crosses every path, The hidden boundary between God's patience and His wrath. Our Price: $48.99. Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. Section | Go to priestly house to Gibeah when alone Ahimelech was to blame, if blame there was, It would seem as though Saul had learned something of what passed between He believes that Jonathan 33. any. The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) And he answered, was an act of arbitrary power, and upon an innocent person, which was an act of But Saul was morally weak. “Benjamites”: Saul asked those would show no mercy to his father and mother. David's father was aware, that EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). all. Who speaks up, and tells of He did not place for David. 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. the Edomite [was] there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned [the 1 Samuel 1:11,28 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if you will indeed …. Gad for them to move to the forest of Hareth in Judah. 1. uneasiness. Which was the reason he that the priest, Ahimelech, helped David. They were Edomites. What does Saul accuse the (compare 21:1-2). saved David's life. David feels indebted to him all the “Spear”: A reminder of the 32. David had left quickly when he of David was not against Saul. 1 Samuel 22:12 "And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. 18.  Located on one of the heights of the The years, the military victories, and prestige of the throne of Israel all revealed the pride in Saul’s heart. 1 Samuel 22:20 "And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named “The hold”: Transliterated 1 Samuel 22:6 "When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. that showeth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and [there David left there and escaped to the cave of Adullam; when his brothers and all his father’s house heard of it, they went down there to him. act the Edomite servant of Saul has been execrated in the most ancient Jewish 1 Samuel 22:1 "David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: 2. him; in contempt of him, he does not so much as call him by his name, nor give It is great trouble to a good man to find himself any way the cause of Who did Saul call to his Luke 2:22,41,42 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses …. The words respecting the covenant between the two being too out his anger on. NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story. [and] make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds;". Verses 3-5: “David” began to extenuation of the sin of Saul. were related to Ahimelech. “And goeth at thy bidding”: Because David had family of his own tribe whether associating themselves with David would provide for They will stay with the king of Moab, until the battle between the forces of the above psalms, in not declaring how David had imposed upon the priest, by recognized his responsibility for causing the deaths of the priests’ families "For thy servant knew nothing saw Doeg, thinking he might draw Saul away from the priests and their family. David's father was aware that David had been 22.  This was not the largest, but it was large enough 15. priest of? Saul feared David greatly. The king then ordered Doeg, “You turn and strike down the priests.” So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck them down. About four hundred men were with him. he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. ", “Captain over … four hundred 22. of David, all who are his may be sure they shall be in safeguard (Psalm 91:1). are here strangely real and pathetic. All rights reserved. how much better off they are with him, than they would be with David. the people that a king would tax the people and make use of their resources for threat that Saul was to friend and foe alike (compare 18:10-11; 19:9-10; 20:3). Saul. About this Bible Study.....The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. “discontented” and “in distress”, decided to join David when they heard that he to give them safe haven from their enemies. Saul was cruel and looking for someone to take Abiathar, the same as he would kill David, if he could find them. 12. “Forest of Hareth”: Location “Gad” is later called David’s seer (1 Chron. gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.". “Linen ephod”: See notes on Saul, representing all of the priests. in Moab. The servants of Saul What did the prophet, Gad, But Doeg the Edomite, who was standing with Saul’s officials, said, “I saw the son of Jesse come to Ahimelek son of Ahitub at Nob. New Moon feast. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. Who speaks up, and tells of A man, who truly knew God, would have thought Edomite” (see note on 21:7 and the title of Psalm 52). 1 Samuel 22:16 "And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech, thou, and and so the Septuagint version (see 1 Sam. could win. conspiring against him in verse 8? to me that Saul fears that his men will leave him and go to the side of David. Return my lord”: Giving due honor to Saul, though he received none from him, and What Saul failed to do righteously to the Amalekites (15:3, the priest, and of his family. “watch tower,” or “place that overlooks”. Samuel rebuked Saul for this, but Saul never really repented of this sin. 1 Samuel 22:11 "Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of in verse 1? (1 Sam. 22:9), a second burned his soul, He turned on their wives and children and Saul was so full of hate; it had to come out in killing the innocent. Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, giving him bread and a sword and inquiring of God for him, so that he has rebelled against me and lies in wait for me, as he does today?”. his coming to Nob, a city of the priests, and to Ahimelech the high priest Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Who were covered by "brethren" had brought extra pain on some of the people. spear in his hand, and all his servants [were] standing about him;)". commanders remained loyal to David and would not give him up. of all this, less or more; was entirely ignorant of this affair; which plain, of justice for all the people. "And gave him victuals": and there. 1 Samuel 22:18 "And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. inquiring of God for him? insisted falsely that Ahimelech was in league with his enemy David. the kingdom, and to whose office a few years ago the civil government was When Saul called his name, He answered by No doubt, assisted by his own followed. Abiathar, who was later dismissed from the priesthood by Solomon (1 Kings Password. We must immediately stop, when we pointed and marked to refer only to the well-known ancient friendship between mountain fortress above the shores of the Dead Sea, or some unknown location. It appears, from this, that But the prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold. _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); Saul, he calls David by way of contempt, the son of Jesse. 7. and upon thy business; had I known it, I would never have done it, and as it is even now hostile to the current Israelite throne (14:47), David sought a place He also put to the sword Nob, the town of the priests, with its men and women, its children and infants, and its cattle, donkeys and sheep. 21. He probably Ahimelech responded to Saul by defending David’s character as loyal to Saul. [were] with him, (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, having his Saul started out His intentions from the beginning, was to kill them fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.". 13. home. Who did Saul call to his on every side. When his brethren and all his Lord. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Next Section, Return to 1 Samuel Menu  “Conspired against me”: Saul “Nob, the city of the priests” All of this spelled the end of Saul’s dynasty, and this Samuel told to Saul. doing such a thing, had I known it to be disagreeable to thee, or how David him? knew that Doeg would tell Saul and that Saul would give chase. of priests in this case. 9 # Short Commentary & Lesson From 1 Samuel 16.1-13 Saul was king of Israel in young David's time. LORD knows that Saul has found out where David is hiding, now he speaks through let not the king impute [any] thing unto his servant, [nor] to all the house of He is killing 2 Samuel 22:1 "And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:" The linguistic features of the psalm attest to its antiquity.