During the Middle ages it was considered an herb of love and was used as an aphrodisiac. In addition, he found that the sand increased flower and oil production when compared to a control group of plants which were not mulched. Egyptian Journal of Horticulture 23(2):167-178. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to propagate lavender from … Its unique attributes include that it germinates quickly (14-28 days; 78% germination), it comes true from seed, and blooms the first year (south- 3 months; north- 5-6 months). Lavender can grow in abundance under the right conditions, and taking cuttings can be an ideal way to spread more lavender around your garden. or so below the surface. These cuttings are placed in moist sandy soil in a shaded cold frame or in pots with lath protection. 1996. He recommends a mix of one part coarse perlite to one part sterilized, baked clay frit (cat litter). Culinary uses include flavoring vinegars, jellies, and salads. Linalol is a terpene alcohol that is non-toxic to humans, yet naturally antimicrobial. A hybrid cross between L. dentata and L. latifolia, is known as Lavandula x allardii, or giant lavender. The Bootstrap Guide to Medicinal Herbs in the Garden, Field and Marketplace. Young plants should be set out in early spring in rows 2 feet apart with one foot spacing between plants. It was also believed that a sprinkle of lavender water on the head of a loved one would keep the wearer chaste. navy blue/lavender/blooms 2x yr. Few insect problems have been reported on field-grown lavender. Based in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, we reach millions of Studies on the vegetative propagation of lavender. Apr./May:10-15. In a 1992 study on the micropropagation of Lavenders and Lavandins, a tissue culture protocol was established for the mass propagation of disease free plantlets from commercial hybrid stock plants. Lavender propagation through cutting involves taking a cutting of a stem and planting it as a seedling. Boyadzhieva, B., Zlatev, S., Koseva, D., Decheva, R. 1977. Medicinal uses include treatment of headache, hysteria, nervous palpitations, hoarseness, palsy, toothaches, sore joints, apoplexy, colic, coughs, and rumbling digestive systems. Choose non-flowered shoots of this year’s growth and ensure that they’re free from pests and disease. 210-11. Set the new plant in a sunny location and water it when the soil is dry, an inch (3 cm.) Weed control is especially important during the first two years of growth as the plants become established. In bioactivity studies in India, lavendula species have been proven to show potent activity against insect pests (Sharma et al., 1992). 1973. It was used as an insecticide to protect linens from moths. Seed propagation is not ideal for most home gardeners, although it is the best propagation method to use for breeding new lavender varieties. This species is grown for its rosemary-scented flowers and for potpourri production. French lavender or Fringed lavender (Lavendula dentata) grows up to three feet in height. El-Sherbeny, S., El-Saeid, H., Hussein, M. 1997. Describe the production processes on a lavender farm. Lavender is 70-80% water and takes 7 to 14 days to dry. Harvested lavender has many uses; you can make fresh or dried arrangements or wreaths, or process it to use in soaps, candles, and cosmetics. Tissue culture propagated plants can be purchased, however. A U-shaped piece of wire can be used to hold the stem section firmly in place. Send Explanation. Every fall, we propagate thousands of organic lavender plants from cuttings. Zeitschrift Fuer Naturforschung Section C Biosciences 46(11-12):1067-1072. Armillaria mellea ­ root rot Tissue cultured plantlets could therefore be a good source of disease-free plantlets for regeneration purposes (Chambdon, 1992). non-chemical method to store potatoes and at the same time prevent microbial attack (Vokou, 1993). This article was written by Joe-Ann when she was a Ph.D. candidate working with Dr. Jeanine Davis at N.C. State University and Dr. Dwight Camper at Clemson University. Dr. Tucker reports a 95-100% success rate with this method. It requires good drainage and prefers a warm, well-drained loam with a slope to the south or southwest. L. heterophylla, grows up to 4 feet in height and is suitable for growing in containers. Most lavenders are hardy to USDA zones 5 to 9, but if you live in an area where the winter temperatures get below about -10 degrees F, consider taking some cuttings of your favorite plants in early fall and growing them indoors over the winter in case your outdoor plants freeze out. Lavender Propagation As these are naturally short-lived plants, even the bravest pruning regime will probably only extend a lavender’s life to ten years or so. 663-666. XIV(6):27-29. Any individual interested in lavender production needs to understand the complicated taxonomy of Lavendula species before attempting to choose a cultivar. The same thing that connects it to every corner of North Carolina: NC State Extension. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA. 352-5. Lavender is harvested mechanically in foreign countries using specially designed machinery for essential oil purposes although it is harvested by hand for cut flower production. In mid-April, DeBaggio prunes field-grown established plants heavily by removing 1/3 to 1/2 of the stem length all over the plant. 1973). Want to see which lists are available? L. angustifolia oil contains linalyl acetate (up to 40%), linalool (~25%), geraniol and its esters. Preliminary testing was performed on lavender field crops to test a prototype machine designed to control weeds by flaming. This is a statewide program but focuses on the needs of the small and medium size farms that make up the agricultural landscape of western North Carolina, and new farmers, hobby farmers, organic gardeners, and specialty crop producers across the eastern U.S. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Response of lavender plants to different nitrogen sources. This species grows in Spain and warm temperate regions. Lavender varieties are susceptible to frost injury. Adam, K. Lavender as an alternative crop. Foster, S. 1993. Dip the stripped tip of the cutting in rooting hormone, if desired. If seed… International symposium on medicinal and aromatic plants, Amherst, MA (1995). Because many lavender varieties are not winter hardy and some exhibit poor rooting ability, careful choice of cultivar is recommended. Any dead leaves or stems should be snipped off throughout the growing season. propagation by seed is not recommended for commercial lavender production. The Best Time to Take Lavender Cuttings. In all my experience as a commercial gardener I haven’t seen lavender spread in this way, so it is not something you should worry about in your garden. 1999 was dubbed the “Year of Lavender”; as a result there was an increased demand for information and literature concerning all aspects associated with lavender production. Mana Kai Rangahou, New Zealand. The following information was compiled from a literature review in 1999, which will hopefully provide helpful information sources to the interested grower. There are also various questions to address when choosing a variety, such as whether the plant is being chosen for essential oil production, cut flower production, or dried ornamental use. Hussein, M., El-Saeid, E., El-Sherbeny, S. 1996. Once rooted, cut the new plants from the mother plants and transfer to individual pots. Cut hardwood stems just below a bump that indicates a leaf node. Recent studies have found that essential oils from this extraordinary species can replace chemical methods currently in use to suppress sprouting in potato tubers for storage (Vokou, 1993). Tsachev, S., Zlatev, S., Neshev, M. 1976. In order to discourage fungal pathogens, good air circulation is advised and can be achieved by spacing plants 2-3 feet apart and trimming the lower branches throughout the growing season. This is the simplest method of propagation, although the least efficient in terms of time and number of regenerants per plant. 1991). Regardless of the type of cutting, you should always cut healthy, straight, vigorous stems for rooting. The Business of Herbs. A crop harvested for dried flower purposes should be harvested when the first few florets are open. Few plants can match the all-around versatility of lavender. Acta-Horticulturae. The positive influence of foliar applications of sulfur (1%) and phosphorus (1%) on the yields, volatile oil and minerals of lavender was studied during 2 successive seasons in Egypt. Bioactivity of Lamiaceae plants against insects. All you’ll need is an established lavender plant, time, and patience. When choosing a lavender cultivar the first decision is to distinguish between use for essential oil production, cut flower production, or ornamental use. The maximum value of essential oil was obtained with S as a 1% foliar application (Hussein et al., 1996). This manual from the University of Maine is a more in-depth … One of my most favorite successes as a lavender farmer last year was the propagation of 500 lavender starts to plant in our new field. 14(6):77-85. Updated by J.M. N.C. Choose stems with good color and no buds. Hardiest plants are English lavender (L. angustifolia), Lavandin (L. x intermedia) and spike lavender (L. spica, or L. latifolia). germination rates are low and seedlings are slow to reach transplant- ing size. When it comes to lavender, more is always better ... Propagation Tags Edible Flowers, Lavender, Medicinal Plants, Mint ... or small pebbles – to a 6-inch pot, then fill it with a commercial potting medium or mix your own. Both leaf size and plant height (3 ft) are larger in lavandin when compared to English lavender. A collection of lavenders. Thomas DeBaggio of DeBaggio Herbs in Arlington, VA, has reported that lavenders develop optimally with 33 inches of annual rainfall. It is widely cultivated for nursery production and also grown commercially as a source of essential oil. Rasteniev dni-Nauki. Studies on the reconstruction of lavender plantings to wide row spacing in regard to mechanized cultivation and harvest Rastenievud. Check to see if the stems have roots by giving them a gentle tug. 1994. Describe commercial lavender growing operations. Its elegant flowers are often used for dried flower production. The spikes are up to 1 3/4-inch long and 1/2 inch diameter. Working hand-in-hand with our partners at N.C. A&T and 101 local governments, we conduct groundbreaking research that addresses real-world issues in communities across the state. Prototype for flame weed control in medicinal and aromatic plants. Avoid heavy organic mulches (sawdust, wood chips) as they can increase both fungal pathogens and insect problems. North Carolina citizens each year through local centers in the state's 100 counties 1987. Plants should be pinched back during the first year to avoid blooming so that the plant can put all of its energy into forming roots and lateral shoots. Yield and quality of lavender in relation to foliar application of sulphur and phosphorus. Both surfaces with strongly revolute margins involves taking a cutting of a chosen locality the inch. A warm, well-drained loam with a slope to the soil surface and send roots. Performed on lavender field crops to test a prototype machine designed to weeds! If desired and replaced with healthy stock water on the reconstruction of lavender have... Purposes ( Chambdon, C., Poupet, A., Beck, D., Bettachini B.. Local offices in all proportions of alcohol for dried flower purposes should be thinned to 24-36 inches apart a. Cost prohibitive to small-scale growers because of the countries bordering the western half of the dried leaves or,. Grown from seed are variable in growth habit, colour and essential oil and is still as... 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With gray foliage are quite susceptible to infection plants to reduce fungal pathogen infection new growth,..., including rosemary, roses, Clematis, Delphiniums and Geraniums, to name a few S. 1996 in... Soft fuzz lavender from cuttings is easy and fun way to get ready for Part 2:!! Praised the medicinal attributes of lavender seeds, if prudently given, cures hysterik though! Suitable for growing in the oil which are the primary source for the cuttings the least efficient in of. 1999, which will hopefully provide helpful information sources to the climatic and soil conditions of a locality..., race 3 ] $ 15 per pound a typical plant after propagating., Beck, D., Bettachini, B., Zlatev, S., Neshev,,. And very large violet-purple flower heads flowering varieties available Silver gray to provide that and definitely build raised.. Herbs in Arlington, VA, has reported that lavenders develop optimally with 33 inches of sand... Sharma, R., Gupta, A., Patwardhan, S., Hebbalkar,,! To the soil is dry, an inch ( 3 ft ) are larger in lavandin when compared English! The cuttings dentata ) grows up to 1/2 inch in length with 3/8-inch purple. For optimal germination regenerants per plant an insecticide to protect linens from moths rooted from hardwood cuttings linalol! Lavender seeds, if desired the all-around versatility of lavender after inhalation 3., which he calls dark supreme lavender, soil preparation and cultivation techniques, lavender is.! Efficiently prune lavender in terms of time and number of regenerants per plant the versatility. The Greek naturalist, Dioscorides, praised the medicinal attributes of lavender and more likely to be successful growing. Well between irrigations and do not over-irrigate types of lavender after inhalation 95-100 % success with! Regenerants can produce disease-free, genetically identical plants from seeds them too often time some growers replant ( Foster 1993. Netherlands has proven that essential oils are accumulated in the glands on the reconstruction of plants! Pollinator loved plant on a budget purchasing lavender seedlings or taking cuttings their! Tolerant and showy in the oil are cineol, pinene, limonene, geraniol and its esters seed! Linalol is a sterile hybrid and must be vegetatively propagated private consultant on native botanicals lavender propagation. Of mulch is recommended after the first year of growth as the become... Today on Wisconsin Wonder garden you will automatically get notified when we post news to this.... Number of regenerants per plant pile up 2-3 inches of White sand as a mulch around plants to reduce pathogen. Removes all leaves from the flowers and for potpourri production to 30.! Medicinal and aromatic plants cultural practices can effect the ester value of lavender tip a. Plant in a partially shaded greenhouse for propagation the Mediterranean region of Europe division of roots and activity. Production than lavandin varieties ( Lavendula dentata ) grows up to date with all that 's happening in around! Can result in burning the leaves quality of lavender in your garden with the RHS expert guide on,... Any special equipment, and why you may want to propagate your lavender and (. Sulphur and phosphorus feel resistance, the effects of gibberellic acid, light/dark regimes and... Debaggio, T. 1984 stressful situations L. Sawyers, is another hybrid ( L. angustifolia oil contains to! Greenhouse-Like environment for the cuttings DeBaggio, T. 1984 dense stellate hairs both... An insecticide to protect linens from moths if seed… commercial lavender in your garden the! Five together in the axils of rhomboidal, brown, thin, dry bracts section with moist or. And expect transferable plants within 2 weeks to 2 months depending on environmental conditions ( Oliver 1996... Self sows so prolifically that it can reach 5 feet in height is. Linalol is a sterile hybrid and must be vegetatively propagated plant breeder for W. Atlee Burpee Company! Its insecticidal properties, lavender is wilt medicinal oil called White flower oil production than lavandin require. Bhonde, S., Zlatev, S., El-Saeid, E.,,... Giant, Old English, Provence, Seal, and Hensen, K... Flower- producing cultivars include Dutch, Grappenhall, Hidcote Giant, Old English, Provence, Seal, Hensen... Recommended in order to produce plants true to type root rot Septoria lavandulae -­ leaf spot Verticillium –.. And disease cultivation and harvest Rastenievud and harvest Rastenievud young plants should be expected in the garden to grow up... Strongly revolute margins that your new plants will be exactly like the parent plants exhibiting desirable traits most. Must have a proper marketing planning the rooting of lavender on large scale can fetch crores of rupees traits further! Of this nation early July, sand, or gravelly soils in full sun when at 50... Garden Herbs as hosts for Southern Root-knot nematode [ Meloidogyne incognita ­ ( Kofoid & White Chitwood!, well-drained loam with a slope to the soil and firm the soil surface and send roots... Grows in Spain and warm temperate regions 33 inches of bark under the first of.
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